Azithromycin oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures

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Azithromycin in chlamydia

Modern medicine offers a few dozen drugs against chlamydia. All of them have repeatedly confirmed their effectiveness. But the most distinguished Azithromycin. It is spoken, and domestic and foreign experts. In the absence of contraindications azithromycin for chlamydia - a drug No1.

Why Azithromycin?

Chlamydia treatment must be quick and focused. Successfully matched the scheme can get rid of unpleasant feelings and destroy bacteria. Complicating the work of physicians feature of the disease:

- Chlamydia - intracellular parasites.

- To act on them, the drug should have properties to a deep penetration into cells.

- The life cycle of the bacteria there is a period when they are protected from the effects of antibiotics. As a result, the treatment may be futile.

- Do not exclude the development of immunity to Chlamydia used drugs.

- No obvious signs of disease or weak expression, complicating the process of selecting the drug.

All these factors are taken into account by Azithromycin.

Characteristic

The antibacterial preparation which affects protein synthesis in prokaryotes sensitive. The preparation of a wide action. Effective against many pathogenic bacteria, but absolutely no effect on fungi and viruses.

Azithromycin is different strong concentration in blood plasma, but is concentrated in the cells themselves. To measure this indicator is virtually impossible. The drug is different suction speed. It begins to be active 2-3 hours after ingestion.

How to take the drug?

If someone thinks about taking a course of treatment on their own - immediately drive this thought. Azithromycin in chlamydia is taken according to an individual scheme. Dosage and duration of the course should be chosen by a doctor.

For general information, the following information is provided. The drug is taken orally once a day.

Dosage - 1 g. This scheme of treatment in some cases ends. The big plus is that at one time you can get rid of the most complicated disease.

At the initial stage of the disease - 1 time per day for an hour before meals, or 2 hours after it.

With slightly expressed symptoms - 3 g of the drug according to the following scheme:

1. 1 day - 1 g;

2. 2-3 - 0.5 g;

3. 4-7 - 0.25 g.

The course is 1 week.

With complications and acute form - 1 g of the drug once a week for 21 days. Since the effect of the drug is directed to the effect within the cells and does not affect the activity of other drugs, it is often taken together with other antibiotics. If chlamydia is detected at the initial stage - only azithromycin is sufficient.

With mild symptoms or acute stage of the disease, the treatment is combined. The control study is conducted on the 10th day after the end of treatment. In 95% of cases, azithromycin defeats the disease.

Producers say that the drug is not dangerous for a pregnant woman and fetus. However, it is necessary to warn the attending physician about his situation or his planning. Data on whether the drug affects the fetus is not available.

As well as what part passes into the mother's milk. Assign to pregnant women 0.5 g of azithromycin for 1 week. For children, the drug is released as a suspension. The powder dissolves in the required amount of water in 2 stages. Shakes and drinks at the same time. If the prepared antibiotic is not used within 12 hours - discarded. If there are problems with the gastrointestinal tract, the drug is taken with food.

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Azithromycin in cystitis

Do you always need antibiotics for cystitis? Most often, inflammation of the bladder does happen due to infection, and then they can not do without. But irritation of the mucous membrane of the bladder also causes some drugs, acute seasonings, alcohol, sand or stones in case of urolithiasis. In women, attacks of cystitis sometimes occur after prolonged sexual intercourse or during menstruation. Sometimes it is observed after operations, with injuries and with an incorrect structure of the urinary system.

It is known that most of inflammation of the tissues of the bladder occurs due to contact with the body of infection.

In this situation, doctors are used to treat cystitis in their patients antibiotics. When non-communicable disease the antibiotics are not needed. However, diagnose cystitis alone we can not, so if your doctor has prescribed you Azithromycin, then your body is unable to cope with the inflammation of the bladder caused by germs. In such cases, antibiotic therapy is one of the most effective ways to solve the problem of cystitis.

Antibiotic for non-infectious cystitis is not needed. In this case, the treatment is to alleviate the pain and spasms, and in a few days everything will go away by itself. But the symptoms of such inflammation are no different from the signs of cystitis caused by microbes! Therefore, you can not independently diagnose yourself and be treated at your own discretion. Taking antibacterial drugs unnecessarily is as dangerous as rejecting them if they are needed.

Features of treatment with antibacterial drugs

Antibiotics for the effective treatment of cystitis are prescribed only after a complete examination of the urologist, and for women - and the gynecologist. Sometimes inflammation of the bladder appears by itself - in most cases it is caused by E. coli. But sometimes it is combined with other diseases.

So, cystitis often occurs against a background of sexual infections - gonorrhea, chlamydia, mycoplasma, trichomoniasis. His symptoms are familiar to diabetics, people with chronic inflammation of the kidneys and urolithiasis. The cause of the violation of the bladder can be complicated sinusitis, tonsillitis, tuberculosis. In this case, treatment should be carried out in a complex way, one antibiotic for the treatment of cystitis will not be enough.

Antibacterial drugs for complex treatment

For the complex treatment of inflammation of the urinary bladder, five types of antibiotics are used against cystitis. Each group of drugs affects one type of disease-causing bacteria. They can be used individually or in various combinations:

1. Antimicrobial agents: Nitrofurantoin (Furazolidone, Furadonin, Furamag, Norfloxacin, Ciprofloxacin, Nolycin, Norbaktin, Palin, Abaktal, Cyprolet, Nitroxoline (5-NOK) and others.

2. Macrolide antibiotics that affect gonococci, staphylo- and streptococcus (Erythromycin, Azithromycin)

3. Sulfanilamide group: Biseptol 480, Sulfisoxazole, Sulfamethizole and Sulfamethoxazole.

4. Tetracycline group: Tetracycline, Doxycycline.

5. Penicillin group: Amoxicillin, Ampicillin, Cefaclor, Cephalexin.

So, ascending infections from the bladder are treated with antibiotics 5-NOC or Nitroxoline and sulfonamides. They help prevent the spread of the infection to the kidneys. If the doctor diagnoses a cystitis with a sexual infection, the antibiotic Amoxicillin may be administered along with Trichopolum or another necessary preparation.

How to take antibiotics for cystitis?

During the treatment of cystitis with antibiotics, the duration of the course and the exact dosage should be observed so that the bacteria are not "accustomed" to the drug. Treatment in women should be monitored not only by the urologist, but also by the gynecologist. Special attention is required:

- children and elderly people;

- patients with chronic recurrent cystitis;

- pregnant women;

- diabetics.

If the treatment does not help, then in order to change the antibacterial drug, you need to repeat the examination and tests. Sometimes the symptoms of cystitis in women do not disappear due to the fact that the result of antibiotic treatment is thrush. In this case, the use of antimicrobial drugs can not continue. But if the cause of inflammation is really candidiasis, then they will not be needed. Such cystitis usually passes after one tablet of Fluconazole.

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Azithromycin with syphilis

Over the past decades in all countries of the world, one of the most common infections is syphilis. According to the latest data, the total number of patients in the US in the past 2 years has decreased by almost 48%, but this number continues to be beyond the permissible line, requiring special attention of physicians.

The most commonly used therapeutic against syphilis worldwide is benzylpenicillin in the form of potassium or sodium salt, and also as a prolonged-release drug - benzathine benzylpenicillin. The disadvantage of this very effective remedy is a high risk of anaphylactic shock in hypersensitive patients, which leads to the need to search for other antibiotics.

One of such drugs with syphilis is azithromycin. In the course of studies of the effect of this drug, it can be concluded that the treatment of syphilis with azithromycin is in many cases almost as effective an agent as penicillin, and in the early forms of the disease, and at all, not inferior to benzylpenicillin. An important condition for the use of azithromycin in syphilis is the absence of other HIV infections in the patient.

To test the effectiveness of azithromycin in comparison with penicillin, in the United States, studies were conducted for 7 years for different medical centers. At the end, it was possible to establish the recommended dosage and frequency of application of the drug, to achieve maximum effect with minimal side effects.

So it was found that with daily intake of 2 g of azithromycin, already after a period of 6 months, about 77.6% of patients with syphilis recover. Thus more than 60% of patients in the treatment of various manifestations observed side effects.

The most common of them are disorders of the stomach and intestines, which nevertheless does not require any special treatment or discontinuation. But serious violations are much less common and account for only 2.8%, which is 0.7% lower than in the treatment of penicillin.

In the course of these studies it was possible to prove the effectiveness of treatment of syphilis with azithromycin in a dosage of 2 g, which is equal to four tablets of 0.5 g daily, as a safe alternative to penicillin, with intolerance of the latter.

When prescribing azithromycin, it should be borne in mind that pregnant women did not participate in the studies, so there is no precise data on the safety of the antibiotic for a woman and a child at the moment.

Therefore, in this case and in the presence of concomitant HIV infections, you should consider choosing another drug.

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How to take azithromycin to treat genyantritis (sinusitis)

Runny nose can be accompanied by a simple cold, but also inflammation in the maxillary sinuses. The delay in detecting the disease and later treatment leads to the formation of pus in the nasal passages. And this is very dangerous. Here you can read what signs can be evidence of genyantritis (sinusitis). Therefore, to quickly cure such a disease at its very beginning resort to antibiotics.

Of course, there is nothing good in them, but this forced measure saves the body from harmful consequences. Only it is necessary to choose an effective and most sparing medicine, capable in the shortest possible time to get rid of an unpleasant genyantritis (sinusitis) (or as it is also called maxillitis). In the fight against such a disease, the drug "Azithromycin" proved to be very successful.

This drug is an antibacterial agent that has a wide range of effects on the body. It is able to accumulate in large quantities in the focus of inflammation and block the work of pathogenic bacteria. The drug prevents their reproduction, and they eventually die. Azithromycin penetrates deep into the respiratory tract, and is also able to rapidly enter the blood. Due to these features, its effect becomes noticeable after several hours after taking the medication.

It effectively treats genyantritis (sinusitis), eliminating the causative agents of this infection.

Azithromycin differs prolonged half-life. It is able to remain permanently in the body. Therefore, it can only be receiving once daily. And their treatment is much smaller than with other antibiotics. The great thing that the drug can be used in parallel with folk remedies to treat sinusitis.

Azithromycin is able to suppress Gram-positive bacteria, which serve as the main cause of sinusitis. It is used to eliminate inflammation in the sinuses of the nose. Many patients talk about it as a mixture of three tablets.

This is because a noticeable elimination of the disease occurs after the third dose. It always raises the question of how many days to take azithromycin. All information is given in the instructions. This drug produces several pharmacological firms and almost every one of their products can be drunk at any time, regardless of the meal. In addition to the drug from the company Zmax. If the purchased product is produced by this brand, then it should be drunk on an empty stomach one hour before a meal or two hours after. Food can prevent completely assimilate the drug.

How many days to drink antibiotics for sinusitis?

The duration of treatment is an average of 7 days, with acute forms can reach two weeks. In the case of chronic sinusitis can last longer. But if after 14 days of using the drug there are no changes for the better, then it should be replaced, after consulting with the doctor. Treatment of sinusitis should occur under the supervision of a doctor. Sometimes people try to cure an ailment at home, doing inhalations with genyantritis. This is dangerous if you perform inhalation at some stages of the disease.

Azithromycin is an indispensable tool for those who want as soon as possible to get rid of sinusitis. It is able to eliminate their doses pathogens and permanently prevent them through the main property - long linger in the body. With prolonged use, it also reflected a bactericidal effect. This drug does not cause addiction, even with regular use for a long time.

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Azithromycin for gonorrhea

Gonorrhea treatment to this day remains an urgent problem. One of the science-based treatment regimens for gonorrhea is a scheme using azithromycin. This broad-spectrum antibiotic synthesized based on erythromycin. In comparison, when azithromycin gonorrhea has many advantages. Unlike alternative macrolide antibiotics, he, as a representative of azalide subclass, rapidly absorbed, is acid and is significantly faster displays the body of gonococcus.

According to some data already in a day after taking the drug gonococcus is not detected. It noted the persistence of azithromycin at therapeutic concentrations directly in the inflammatory foci within a week after the last. Azithromycin with gonorrhea can influence the most resistant strains, because gonococcus rarely develop tolerance to it.

Azithromycin for gonorrhea

In the treatment of fresh gonorrhea, 1.5-2.0 g once or in 2 doses of 1.0 g are prescribed. With fresh torpid and chronic gonorrhea, the total dose is 2.0 g according to the following scheme: first intake 1 g, then every 24 hours Hours for 250 mg before reaching the exchange rate.

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