Doxycycline for acne
If a person sees that none of the folk remedies help him get rid of pimples and acne, then it's time to visit a specialist. In more complex cases, when large areas of the skin affect the rash, inflammation and other shortcomings - simple drugs can not do anything. The dermatologist, taking into account the level of complexity of the "illness", as well as the individual characteristics of the organism, prescribes a course of antibiotics.
Wrong dose can not only help solve the problem of the ill-fated, but also aggravate the situation up to the systemic violations of the body's functioning.
Doxycycline in the fight against acne
One of the most powerful remedies for treating complicated skin lesions (inflammation, acne, comedones) is Doxycycline. This drug is not recommended for use by yourself. It should be prescribed only by your doctor.
He must control the whole course of treatment (to avoid the possibility of side effects from the drug). That specialist usually determines the optimal dose of the antibiotic.
If any of the recommendations from the expert has been received, there is a standard dose of the drug, which is:
- Take 100 mg twice a day (morning and bedtime);
- Treatment should not exceed seven-day line;
Children and adolescents should not take doxycycline (except for a special prescription by a dermatologist).
How does doxycycline work?
Its effectiveness lies in the fact that it inhibits protein synthesis in pathogenic bacteria. Before embarking on an antibiotic, it is useful to read the instructions carefully, especially where the dosage is indicated.
If the antibiotic is prescribed by a doctor, he probably would have chosen this dosage: for adults and children at the age of fourteen, 200 mg once a day for the first day and all subsequent days of 100 mg (if large areas of skin are affected, half the dose increased, then there is 100 mg in the morning and in the evening);
For children aged 9-14 years, as a rule, the optimal dose is 4 milligrams - this is the calculation of the antibiotic per 1 kg of body weight twice a day, and for all subsequent days the dose should be reduced to 3.2 mg per 1 kg of body weight, twice a day.
Contraindications for use
Doxycycline is a very popular remedy in the fight against acne, not only because it is effectively taken with this unfortunate problem, but also because of its affordable price.
But in addition to its positive medicinal properties, Doxycycline has a lot of contraindications and a serious number of side effects.
Most often, the drug is easily tolerated without causing discomfort. It is strictly forbidden to use this antibiotic for children under the age of nine, pregnant women, patients suffering from allergies, myasthenia gravis or anemia.
Doxycycline can cause the following unpleasant situations:
- hemolytic anemia;
- decrease in prothrombin activity;
- thyroid disease (to use an antibiotic very long period, it will provoke a breach of its functions);
- meningitis in older children and adults;
It can cause increased intracranial pressure, leading to protrusion fontanelle in children. In addition to these violations, this medicine can cause side effects such as:
- Appearance of noise in the ears.
- Strong headache.
- Severe dizziness.
- Partial loss of vision or blurred vision.
- Maybe seeing double.
Do not worry about the appearance of these symptoms, as they disappear after stopping the course of antibiotics, if not immediately, then for several days or even weeks.
In addition to vestibular disorders, which were discussed earlier, there may be disorders of the intestine and stomach.
These side effects are less common, but if they were, you should immediately stop using doxycycline.
These are the following symptoms: nausea; abdominal pain; anorexia; inflammation of the colon; inflammation of the small intestine; vomiting; maculopapular colitis; dyspepsia; diarrhea; stomatitis; the effect of epidermal necrolysis; glossitis; dysphagia; anal itching; inflammation of the urogenital area.
An abnormal liver function may also occur, but this is extremely rare.
Its violation can lead to illness and hepatitis. Increased liver function associated with jaundice or pancreatitis. If the drug is taken for a long time by a patient with kidney failure, it is fraught with the development of rash, dermatitis, urticaria, erythema, toxic scattering and Stevens-Johnson syndrome.
We should note such unfavorable effects from taking the drug in the form of fragile bones, poor development or violation of the development of teeth, discoloration of the teeth, which can not be natural. Doxycycline can cause pain in the muscles and joints.
In addition, a strong increase in the concentration of nitrogen in the blood (urea) can be observed.
And finally, such negative consequences as:
- anaphylactic shock;
- lupus erythematosus;
- pericarditis, and shortness of breath;
- serum sickness, and peripheral edema.
Efficiency of receiving doxycycline for acne
As it became known from the previously written, the drug, called doxycycline, really actively struggles with all kinds of pimples and acne.
Unfortunately, you do not need to rejoice so much that acne and other inflammation quickly disappear on your skin. There is a high probability that immediately after discontinuation of the drug they will reappear (their number will increase significantly).
This powerful drug is usually administered only in cases where large areas of the skin are affected. This strong antibiotic is used for quite serious situations.
If acne is rarely seen in large quantities, the patient should not use such a strong antibiotic. It is better not to risk your health and consult a specialist. As a rule, more gentle treatment is prescribed for uncomplicated cases.
Do not compromise health if there is no need, because doxycycline is not only a very effective drug, but also an additional probability of getting dangerous side effects after treatment.